Nationality by Birth Legal Definition
Citizenship by birth in the United States is U.S. citizenship that is automatically acquired by a person by operation of law. This happens in two situations: because of the person`s birth on U.S. territory or because one or both parents are (or were) U.S. citizens. The right of birth contrasts with citizenship acquired through other means, such as naturalization.  As Justice Joseph Story reports in his famous commentaries on the Constitution, the purpose of the born citizen clause was to “cut off all opportunities for ambitious foreigners who might otherwise plot for office; and to erect a barrier against corrupt interference by foreign governments in executive elections. 13×13. 3 Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States § 1473, p. 333 (1833).
The editors did not fear such machinations from those who were Americans. Citizens by birth only due to the coincidence of a foreign place of birth. In fact, John Jay`s own children were born abroad while holding diplomatic office, and it would be absurd to conclude that Jay proposed that his own children be excluded from presidential eligibility as foreigners of dubious loyalty.14×14. See Michael Nelson, Constitutional Qualifications for President, 17 Presidential Stud. Q. 383, 396 (1987). (1) U.S. nationals who are not citizens owe allegiance to the United States and are entitled to U.S. consular protection abroad and U.S.
documents, such as U.S. passports with appropriate endorsements. They do not have the right to vote in Congress and, under most state laws, are not allowed to vote in federal, state, or local elections except in their place of birth. (See 7 FAM 012 and 7 FAM 1300 Annex B Endorsement 09.); Naturalization – Acquisition of U.S. citizenship after birth: Naturalization is “the grant of state citizenship to a person after birth, by any means” (INA 101(a)(23) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(23)) or the grant of citizenship to a person (see INA 310, 8 U.S.C. 1421 and INA 311, 8 U.S.C. 1422).
Naturalization may be granted automatically or upon application. (See 7 FAM 1140.) The caveat in the Naturalization Act of 1790 points out that while the concept of “naturally born citizen” has remained consistent and clearly includes a person who is a citizen by descent without the need to go through a naturalization process, the details about foreign-born persons of a citizen parent who are considered citizens by birth have changed. British laws before the Revolution sometimes focused on paternity, so that only children of bourgeois fathers obtained citizenship at birth.11×11. See, for example, British Nationality Act, 1730, 4 Geo. 2, c. 21. The Naturalization Act of 1790 expanded the class of citizens at birth to children born abroad to citizen mothers, provided that the father resided in the United States for at least some time. But Congress eliminated this difference in treatment between mothers and fathers before one of the potential candidates in the current presidential election was born. Thus, during the relevant period and subject to certain residency requirements, children born abroad to a civil parent were citizens from birth and are therefore “naturally born citizens”.
[^2] The child is exempt from the remaining 5-year waiting period if the naturalized parent meets the definition of “two parents”. The child resides outside the United States under the legal and physical custody of the USC parent or a person who does not object to the application if the USC parent is deceased. b. Under section 201 (f) of the Nationality Act of 1940, a child of unknown parents found in the United States was considered a United States citizen at birth until it was proved that he or she was not born in the United States, regardless of the age at which this was proved. While some constitutional issues are really difficult, with non-existent or contradictory frame-era sources, the relevant documents here make it clear that a “naturally born citizen” means a citizen by birth without having to go through a naturalization process. The Supreme Court has long recognized that British common law3×3 is a particularly useful source for understanding constitutional concepts. See Smith v. Alabama, 124 U.S. 465, 478 (1888). and resolutions of the First Congress.4×4.
See Wisconsin v. Pelican Ins. Co., 127 U.S. 265, 297 (1888). Both confirm that the original meaning of the term “naturally born citizens” includes persons born abroad who are citizens by birth, on the basis of the nationality of one of the parents. A child born to foreign parents in the United States is considered a citizen of the United States and is subject to obligations to that country that are not related to the father. The same principle that these children are considered by us to be citizens of the United States and subject to obligations to that country applies to children of American fathers born without U.S. jurisdiction and allows the country in whose jurisdiction they were born to claim them as citizens and subject them to duties. These children are born with a dual character: the father`s citizenship is that of the child, with regard to the laws of the country of which the father is a national, and within the jurisdiction of that country; But the child can acquire rights from the circumstances of his birth and owes a fidelity different from that attached to the father.  “The rules applicable to ships naturally also apply to aircraft. Thus, a child born on a plane in the United States or flying over its territory would acquire American citizenship at birth.
If the USC parent is deceased, the USC grandparent or USC guardian of the child may file on behalf of the child within 5 years of the USC parent`s death. [^3] The definition of “both parents” includes: d. For ships/aircraft entering the United States, the parents would then be responsible for reporting the birth to the civil authorities of the U.S. jurisdiction where the ship entered the port. (See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publication “Where to Write for Birth Certificates.”) (4) It is unlikely that the civil registry office of the parents` country of residence will issue such a birth certificate. Parents may be referred to the office of life records in the State where the ship first entered port after the birth of the child. A comparative overview of contemporary birthright determinations, based on the GLOBALCIT birthright database and indicators (see Data sources and indicators of birthright citizenship), which distinguishes between jus sanguinis provisions in the country and abroad and jus soli provisions for children of the first and second generation of immigrants, for foundlings and for otherwise stateless children. The article identifies some global trends, but does not find a consistent pattern of inclusive ius-soli delivery in high-immigration countries. [^1] A child must meet the definition of a child under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). See Volume 12, Citizenship and Naturalization, Part H, Children of U.S. Citizens, Chapter 2, Child and Residency Definition for Citizenship and Naturalization [12 USCIS-MP H.2].
Today, 8 U.S.C. Article 1101 defines naturalization as “the attribution of the nationality of a State to a person after his birth, by any means.” In contrast, Section 1401 lists eight categories of persons who are “U.S. nationals and citizens at birth,” including those born in the United States and subject to U.S. jurisdiction, as well as children of one or more U.S. citizens abroad, as long as the parents meet certain requirements. This means that foreign-born citizens who fall under a provision of Law 1401 are not naturalized according to the legal definition. However, the term “born naturally” is not used. (1) If any part of the United States were occupied by foreign forces against the will of the United States, children born to enemy aliens in the occupied territories would not be subjected to the United States.
and would not acquire U.S. citizenship at birth; And in both cases, the birthright is passed on to their children born decades later. In some cases, births in U.S. hospitals (sometimes referred to as “pioneer babies”) have resulted in people living much of their lives in Canada without knowing they never had official Canadian citizenship. Some of these people have been called dispossessed Canadians.  a. According to INA 301(f) (8 U.S.C. 1401(f)) (formerly Section 301(a)(6)) of the INA, a child of unknown parents is conclusively suspected of being a child of unknown parents to be an American child.